Crohn’s and Ulcerative Colitis are both types of chronic, Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) thought to be the product of an overactive immune system, wherein the body mistakenly attacks healthy cells in the intestines.
In Crohn’s patients, the disease can affect any part of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract but it most commonly presents in the small intestine and the colon separately or in combination. As opposed to Crohn’s, which can present anywhere from mouth to anus, the disease is limited to the colon in Ulcerative Colitis patients.
IBD affects people in different ways. A patient suffering from it may exhibit several of these symptoms or just a few: